Creating a KVM VM for StackLight on Fuel 8.0 master nodeWed 01 June 2016
Creating a KVM VM on the Fuel master node is a nice way to better utilize server resources for small environments that were deployed already without using Fuel compact install or running Fuel as VM itself. We can run Controller, Monitoring or MongoDB as VM on the Fuel node. This blog post explains in detail how to create a KVM VM on the Fuel master node, which can be used for any role defined by Fuel. In this example we assign the StackLight monitoring role to the VM created on the Fuel master node.
Please note that I do not recommend running VMs on Fuel master but instead recommend using the compact install functionality or running Fuel itself as a VM. This guide is meant for people who already deployed Fuel on a physical server which is mostly idle but now want to add StackLight LMA without adding new server resources.
The general steps are:
- Install KVM on Fuel master node (Enable CentOS repo, install kvm and libvirt packages)
- Create network bridges on the Fuel master node for Admin/PXE and Management network
- Create the KVM VM through libvirt using an XML template
- PXE boot the KVM VM such that it gets discovered by Fuel
- Assign your desired role to the VMs via Fuel and deploy
1. Install KVM and libvirt on the Fuel master
The first step is install KVM and libvirt on the Fuel master node. SSH into Fuel Master node and execute the ollowing steps:
Create the file
/etc/yum.repos.d/CentOS-base.repowith the following content:
# CentOS-Base.repo [base] name=CentOS-$releasever - Base mirrorlist=http://mirrorlist.centos.org/?release=$releasever&arch=$basearch&repo=os&infra=$infra #baseurl=http://mirror.centos.org/centos/$releasever/os/$basearch/ gpgcheck=1 gpgkey=file:///etc/pki/rpm-gpg/RPM-GPG-KEY-CentOS-7 #released updates [updates] name=CentOS-$releasever - Updates mirrorlist=http://mirrorlist.centos.org/?release=$releasever&arch=$basearch&repo=updates&infra=$infra #baseurl=http://mirror.centos.org/centos/$releasever/updates/$basearch/ gpgcheck=1 gpgkey=file:///etc/pki/rpm-gpg/RPM-GPG-KEY-CentOS-7 #additional packages that may be useful [extras] name=CentOS-$releasever - Extras mirrorlist=http://mirrorlist.centos.org/?release=$releasever&arch=$basearch&repo=extras&infra=$infra #baseurl=http://mirror.centos.org/centos/$releasever/extras/$basearch/ gpgcheck=1 gpgkey=file:///etc/pki/rpm-gpg/RPM-GPG-KEY-CentOS-7 #additional packages that extend functionality of existing packages [centosplus] name=CentOS-$releasever - Plus mirrorlist=http://mirrorlist.centos.org/?release=$releasever&arch=$basearch&repo=centosplus&infra=$infra #baseurl=http://mirror.centos.org/centos/$releasever/centosplus/$basearch/ gpgcheck=1 enabled=0 gpgkey=file:///etc/pki/rpm-gpg/RPM-GPG-KEY-CentOS-7
Now install the required packages from CentOS repo
yum install libvirt qemu-kvm kvm
2. Create networking bridges for KVM VM
Here we create network bridges on the Fuel master node for Admin/PXE and Management network.
Prevent libvirt from starting dnsmasq. Execute the following command, delete the parts with dhcp and change forwarding to none:
virsh net-edit default
Create the bridge for Admin/PXE network. This step is not using the standard way to create the bridge, because I didn't want to change the network device name to which the IP is bound. It seems that some containers by default use eth0 and host networking. I don't recommend doing it this way, but it "works".
I created a script which doesn't change eth0, but instead renames eth0 to net0 and then creates a bridge named eth0 and assigns the original net0 ip address to eth0. I tried to use udev but couldn't get it to work, so here we go with a hacky script.
Create a file
/usr/bin/create-eth0-bridge.shwith the following content:
#!/bin/bash ETH0ADDR=10.20.0.2/24 # Rename eth0 to net0 ip a flush dev eth0 ip link set eth0 down ip link set eth0 name net0 ip link set net0 up # Create bridge eth0 with net0 as interface brctl addbr eth0 ip link set eth0 up brctl addif eth0 net0 # Add original eth0addr to bridge ip a add $ETH0ADDR dev eth0
Create a systemd service to launch the script after network was done. Create the file
/etc/systemd/system/create-eth0-bridge.servicewith the following content:
[Unit] Description=Create eth0 network bridge for Stacklight VM Wants=network-online.target After=network-online.target [Service] ExecStart=/usr/bin/create-eth0-bridge.sh [Install] WantedBy=multi-user.target
Now enable the service to be run on startup by executing the command:
systemctl enable create-eth0-bridge
Create the bridge which contains other possible networks. Please note that if you used VLAN tagging then you should add the VLAN trunk port to your bridge. In this example I have a vlan trunk which contains the management network on eth2.
Create the bridge named br-eth2 and add eth2 as port to the bridge with the following commands:
brctl addbr br-eth2 brctl addif br-eth2 eth2
To make the changes persistent accross reboots create the file
/etc/sysconfig/network-scripts/ifcfg-br-eth2with the following content:
DEVICE=br-eth2 BOOTPROTO=none ONBOOT=yes TYPE=Bridge NM_CONTROLLED=no DELAY=0
and the file
/etc/sysconfig/network-scripts/ifcfg-eth2with the following content:
TYPE=Ethernet BOOTPROTO=none NAME=eth2 UUID=fe45432f-f08a-4537-9851-d53be572aa00 DEVICE=eth2 ONBOOT=yes NM_CONTROLLED=no BRIDGE=br-eth2
3. Create the KVM VM
In this part we create the KVM VM using libvirt XML to describe the VM. In the XML we specify to boot from network first, which enables us to use Fuel's PXE booting.
First create the disk for our KVM VM with the following command:
qemu-img create -f qcow2 -o preallocation=metadata /var/lib/libvirt/images/monitoring-1.img 300G
Create a file
monitoring1-vm.xmlwith the following content:
<domain type='kvm' id='2'> <name>monitoring-1</name> <memory unit='KiB'>8388608</memory> <vcpu placement='static' cpuset='0-7'>8</vcpu> <os> <type arch='x86_64'>hvm</type> <boot dev='network'/> <boot dev='hd'/> <boot dev='cdrom'/> <bootmenu enable='yes'/> </os> <features> <acpi/> <apic/> <pae/> </features> <clock offset='utc'/> <devices> <disk type='file' device='disk'> <driver name='qemu' type='qcow2'/> <source file='/var/lib/libvirt/images/monitoring-1.img'/> <target dev='sda' bus='scsi'/> </disk> <interface type='bridge'> <source bridge='eth0'/> <model type='virtio'/> </interface> <interface type='bridge'> <source bridge='br-eth2'/> <model type='virtio'/> </interface> <graphics type='vnc' port='-1' listen='127.0.0.1'/> </devices> </domain>
Note you may need to tweak the parameters such as vcpus, memory and bridges according to your actual environment.
Launch and create the VM from the xml file:
virsh define monitoring-1.xml virsh start monitoring-1
4. Fuel PXE booting and assigning roles
After you have done the previous steps correctly, you should see a new unallocated node pop up. You can now assign any role to this new node.