Deploying Stable Diffusion Web UI on GKE Autopilot

Deploying Stable Diffusion WebUI on K8s can be challenging, but no more. Learn how to do it by:

  1. Creating a GKE autopilot cluster
  2. Deploying AUTOMATIC1111 Stable Diffusion Web UI
  3. Accessing the UI through port forwarding

Not up for a challenge? Maybe deploying Stable Diffusion on a GCE VM is easier for you.

Create a GKE Autopilot cluster:

gcloud container clusters create-auto sd \
    --region us-central1

Build and push the docker image to Google Artifact Registry:

export PROJECT_ID=$(gcloud config get project)
git clone
cd stable-diffusion-webui-docker
gcloud builds submit

Your Stable Diffusion Web UI image will now be available in Google Container Registry.

Create a file named stable-diffusion.yaml with the following content:

apiVersion: apps/v1
kind: Deployment
  name: stable-diffusion-webui
  replicas: 1
      app: stable-diffusion-webui
        app: stable-diffusion-webui
      nodeSelector: "nvidia-tesla-t4"
        # remove this node selector if you don't want to use spot "true"
      - name: sd
        image: $IMAGE
        - name: LD_LIBRARY_PATH
          value: /usr/local/nvidia/lib64
            cpu: "3500m"
            memory: "14Gi"
            ephemeral-storage: 10Gi

Create the deployment:

envsubst < stable-diffusion.yaml | kubectl apply -f -

Creating the pod will take a while, because GKE Autopilot will create nodepool that meets your pod resource requirements. You can check the latest status by running:

kubectl describe pod -l app=stable-diffusion-webui

After a few minutes you should see an event that the pod triggered scale up and the pod should become running. This might take up to 15 minutes due to scale up being slow and pulling a 17GB docker image isn't fast.

Verify that Stable Diffusion is running:

kubectl logs deployment/stable-diffusion-webui

Access the Stable Diffusion WebUI by forwarding ports:

kubectl port-forward deployment/stable-diffusion-webui 7860:7860

In your browser go to the following URL: http://localhost:7860

You should now see Stable Diffusion Web UI like this: sd-webui-screenshot

Exposing Stable Diffusion Web UI to the internet

This isn't recommended and there is a risk that your service will get abused by others unless you add some form of authentication.

You can expose the deployment using the following:

kubectl expose deployment stable-diffusion-webui \
  --type=LoadBalancer --name=stable-diffusion-webui \
  --port=80 --target-port=7860

After a while you should see an external IP address assigned to the service. Verify by running:

kubectl get services stable-diffusion-webui

Now you should be able to go to http://external_ip to access Stable Diffusion Web UI

Relevant resources: